Fungus with spores in the ear canal
Fungal infection of the ear are very common. The outer ear is covered with skin. The skin usually shows resistance to fungi and bacteria.
Scratching the ear with various objects and cotton buds may damage the skin, exposing it to germs and leading to infection. The best way to avoid outer ear infections is by not putting any object into the outer ear canal. Cotton buds, keys, pens, feathers and similar objects must never be put into the ear.
When water remains in the ear after a shower or bath, itching may occur. Stagnant water (from ponds and lakes) may be contaminated with fungi. Plugging the ear with commercial earplugs or cotton coated with pure coconut oil/petroleum jelly may also help.
Dandruff may also irritate the ear canal skin. Controlling dandruff, therefore, is important.
Diabetics are at higher risk of getting fungal infections of ear.
The ear will be cleaned until fungal debris are completely removed. Cleaning has to be done more than once. A dressing soaked in antifungal medication is sometimes applied. Anti fungal ear drops and cream should be used for a month.Infection starts in the deep cell layers of the skin. It takes about one month for the cells to mature and comes to surface of skin. If medication is stopped halfway infection can recur.
As fungal infections are very common among diabetics, blood sugar is tested to exclude diabetes.